WHY COW’S MILK?

 


 

Robert Krad­jian MD, Chief of the Divi­sion of Gen­eral Surgery at Seton Med­ical Cen­ter in Daly City, Cal­i­for­nia, writes:

Milk! Just the word itself sounds com­fort­ing. “How about a nice cup of hot milk?” The last time you heard that ques­tion, it was from some­one who cared for you, and you appre­ci­ated their effort.

The entire mat­ter of food, and espe­cially that of milk, is sur­rounded with emo­tional and cul­tural impor­tance. Milk was our first food. If we were for­tu­nate, it was our mother’s milk. A lov­ing link, given and taken. It was the only path to sur­vival. If not mother’s milk, it was cow’s milk or soy milk ‘for­mula’ – rarely it was goat, camel or water buf­falo milk.

Now we are a nation of milk-drinkers. Nearly all of us. Infants, the young, ado­les­cents, adults, even the elderly. We drink dozens or even sev­eral hun­dred gal­lons a year each and add to that many pounds of ‘dairy’ prod­ucts, such as cheese, but­ter and yoghurt.

Can there be any­thing wrong with this?” 1

Actu­ally, there’s plenty wrong with it. Once again, the mar­ke­teers of Big Milk have wooed us with their impres­sive cam­paigns of creamy mous­taches and “Got Milk?” and “Milk – It Does a Body Good”. There is one thing con­spic­u­ously miss­ing in the logic of all this though. Cow’s milk is for baby cows.

Many today do not con­sume milk because it makes them ill. Cau­casians, on the other hand, lead the pack as the only mam­mal weaned off its mum only to spend the rest of its life stuck under the udders of a com­pletely dif­fer­ent species. No ani­mal in the mam­mal king­dom con­tin­ues milk con­sump­tion past wean­ing and baby­hood. Milk will take a lit­tle ani­mal from birth to wean­ing, and after that it’s time for big-boy/big-girl food. This is a law of nature. No one drinks milk once they are up and walk­ing. Except humans!

Har­vey Dia­mond, author of the best­seller Fit For Life, sees milk as a politi­cised but fail­ing food exper­i­ment now peo­ple are learn­ing the truth: “You can be absolutely cer­tain of one thing: milk is the most polit­i­cal food in Amer­ica. Accord­ing to the Los Ange­les Times, the dairy indus­try is sub­si­dized (mean­ing the tax­payer foots the bill) to the tune of almost three bil­lion dol­lars a year! That’s 342,000 dol­lars every hour to buy hun­dreds of mil­lions of dol­lars’ worth of dairy prod­ucts that will in all like­li­hood never be eaten.… The demand for dairy prod­ucts has declined sub­stan­tially as it becomes more appar­ent they are not the per­fect foods they were once touted to be.

But dairy pro­duc­tion is con­tin­u­ous. Be assured that much of the pub­lic­ity refer­ring to the health ben­e­fits of dairy prod­ucts is com­mer­cially moti­vated. In March 1984 the Los Ange­les Times reported that the Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture decided to launch a $140-million adver­tis­ing cam­paign to “pro­mote milk-drinking and help reduce the multibillion-dollar sur­plus.” Although the real rea­son for the adver­tis­ing cam­paign is to reduce the sur­plus, the ads attempt to con­vince you to buy milk for its many so-called health ben­e­fits.”2

We’ve been hear­ing of milk lakes and but­ter moun­tains for years, espe­cially in Europe, demon­strat­ing that pro­duc­tion of dairy greatly out­strips the demand. And why is that? Hun­dreds of stud­ies exist with milk as the focus. The main thrust of these how­ever, far from laud­ing milk as the per­fect food we have been told it is, deals with a hor­rific litany of ills with which the white stuff has regaled humankind.

Do they tell us milk makes stronger bones and teeth and turns you into an Olympian ath­lete? If we were to believe the pif­fle fed to us through the udders of the mass com­mu­ni­ca­tions media, sci­ence should be telling us to go out and fill our swim­ming pools and baths with the stuff to ward off those ills milk is allegedly per­fect in pre­vent­ing. They don’t. What a das­tardly white­wash. How could the pub­lic have been so com­pletely creamed? The pro-milk pitch is, of course, not grounded in sci­ence. It is the hype of the mar­ke­teer and the bal­ance sheet.3

Mostly what you read in these stud­ies is how cow’s milk brings on aller­gic reac­tions in humans, and asthma, intesti­nal irri­ta­tion, intesti­nal bleed­ing, anaemia, type 1 dia­betes, colic, sal­mo­nella and reac­tions in chil­dren and infants. Tox­i­col­o­gists such as Dr Samuel Epstein have long been warn­ing about other dan­gers, such as the chronic mis­use of antibi­otics and hor­mones in cat­tle farm­ing, giv­ing rise to a whole new era of prob­lems. Increased estro­gen intake brought on by farm­ers fat­ten­ing their stock with estro­genic com­pounds shows links in adults to breast and ovar­ian can­cers, ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis and heart dis­ease.4 Notice once again that all these con­di­tions can be termed ‘sur­vival responses’ to a spe­cific, or series of threats. Leukaemias and lym­phomas, along with arthri­tis, accel­er­ated sex­ual devel­op­ment in chil­dren and the poten­tial for infec­tion with bovine leukaemia virus as well as child­hood dia­betes, are also dis­cussed by sci­ence in con­nec­tion to milk and meat con­sump­tion.5 Con­t­a­m­i­na­tion through the milk sup­ply with pes­ti­cides and insec­ti­cides has also given rise to con­cerns with child health, includ­ing allergy, ear and ton­sil­lar infec­tions, bed­wet­ting, asthma, intesti­nal bleed­ing and colic.6 On top of that, add in the prob­lems of fem­i­ni­sa­tion and infer­til­ity in adult males brought on by increased weight and the phys­i­o­log­i­cal changes wrought by pro­gres­sive fat stor­age. Dr Wendy Den­ning and Vicki Edg­son report:

Obese men with pot bel­lies are likely to develop breast tis­sue. This is because fat is actu­ally a hor­monal gland and fat tis­sues in the abdomen con­vert testos­terone into oestro­gens. At the same time obese men are get­ting raised lev­els of estro­gen, they’re not mak­ing much testos­terone because of the foods they eat – a study has shown that eat­ing a meal high in sat­u­rated fat reduced testos­terone lev­els for up to four hours. On the other hand, pro­tein and high-carbohydrate meals had no such effect.

So it appears that obese men can get testos­terone defi­ciency as a result of abdom­i­nal fat cells, and also from the fat they eat. The result­ing hor­mone imbal­ance of too much oestro­gen and not enough free testos­terone par­tially explains why so many men in this con­di­tion are impo­tent and expe­ri­ence a wide range of pre­ma­ture degen­er­a­tive dis­eases, as well as the threat of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease and type-2 dia­betes.”7

NOT MY CUP OF TEA

Most milk-moustachers don’t realise milk con­tains blood and white (pus) cells from the ani­mal. USDA inspec­tors in Amer­ica know this and require milk-processors to keep the con­tent of these white cells to a max­i­mum of 1 to 1.5 mil­lion per mil­li­l­itre (1/30th of an ounce). The other point is that fifty years ago the aver­age cow pro­duced 20,000 pounds of milk annu­ally. Today, top gold-star bovines are churn­ing out 50,000-plus pounds by com­par­i­son. Do you want to know how they do this? Charles Atlas’s Dynamic Ten­sion Tech­nique maybe? An LA sports club mem­ber­ship perhaps?

Antibi­otics, drugs and recom­bi­nant Bovine Growth Hor­mone (rBGH). rBGH is a genet­i­cally engi­neered drug, pro­duced by Mon­santo, which swears blind the hor­mone does not affect the milk or meat of the ani­mal. As the Duke of Welling­ton once said, “If you believe that, you’ll believe any­thing.” Dr Joseph Mer­cola writes:

In 1997, a pair of reporters pre­pared a report for a Fox TV affil­i­ate in Florida about the dan­gers of bovine growth hor­mone (BGH) in milk. Lawyers for Mon­santo, a major adver­tiser with the net­work, sent let­ters promis­ing ‘dire con­se­quences’ if the story aired.

After attempts by Fox to bribe the reporters to keep quiet failed, the sta­tion agreed to air a revised ver­sion of the report. An unheard of 83 edits later (includ­ing Mon­santo insist­ing that the word ‘can­cer’ be replaced with the phrase ‘human health impli­ca­tions’), the report was shelved and the courts took over.

Although a lower court ruled in favour of the reporters for some $425,000, a Florida appeals court denied them whistle­blower pro­tec­tion, claim­ing Fox and the media in gen­eral have no oblig­a­tion to tell the truth, in effect, hav­ing the free­dom to report what is fact and fic­tion as real news.”8

Beef hor­mones are big busi­ness because they fat­ten cows, which means farm­ers want to buy them since, in the case of estra­diol, they add sig­nif­i­cant weight to an ani­mal dur­ing its 100-day fat­ten­ing period prior to slaugh­ter. This can result in an extra $80 in the farmer’s wal­let as a bonus. Dr Epstein, the can­cer establishment’s long-time antag­o­nist and critic, describes a fright­en­ing legacy of non-regulation and gov­ern­men­tal irresponsibility:

As of 1990, more than 95% of Amer­i­can beef cat­tle were implanted with car­cino­genic growth-promoting hor­mones. The Euro­pean Eco­nomic Com­mu­nity banned hormone-treated meat in 1989 and does not allow US or other pro­duc­ers to export their meat into the EEC. This ban was recently [Feb­ru­ary 1998] upheld by a World Trade Organ­i­sa­tion appel­late body.

In the absence of effec­tive fed­eral reg­u­la­tion, the US meat indus­try uses hun­dreds of ani­mal feed addi­tives, includ­ing antibi­otics, tran­quil­iz­ers, pes­ti­cides, ani­mal drugs, arti­fi­cial flavours, indus­trial wastes and growth-promoting hor­mones, with lit­tle or no con­cern about the car­cino­genic and other toxic effects of dietary residues of these addi­tives.”9

And so the pre­dictable cast of man­u­fac­tur­ers, ever greedy for a fresh slice of the drug pie, prowls around this lucra­tive profit-centre like fat cats around a milk churn. Nat­u­rally the drug com­pa­nies don’t tell you that what gets fed to the cows invari­ably comes out in the white­wash. The milk pro­duced by cows fed steroid-bolstered, antibiotic-laced, hormone-accelerated diets, which in cer­tain cases can con­tain human excre­ment (France) and all those drug and bac­te­r­ial ele­ments, finds its way into the human food chain, bring­ing with it its Bor­gian pay­load. “But that’s what pas­teuri­sa­tion is for!” shrill the white-moustachers. Wipe your faces, my friends, and keep read­ing. It all gets so hor­ri­bly com­pelling in a minute.

rBGH causes a sig­nif­i­cant increase in mas­ti­tis (udder infec­tion) in cows requir­ing antibi­otic treat­ment and salves. These drug residues show up in the milk and sur­vive pas­teuri­sa­tion, which is designed to kill off harm­ful bac­te­ria. Even the US Government’s Gen­eral Account­ing Office has stated fed­eral and state leg­is­la­tion across Amer­ica is fail­ing to reg­u­late the true extent of drug and hor­mone con­t­a­m­i­na­tion.10 Pes­ti­cides and drugs taken in through meat and dairy prod­ucts con­sumed by the mother show up in her breast milk and are then trans­mit­ted to the infant.11

Dr Frank Oski, of the Upstate Med­ical Cen­ter Depart­ment of Pedi­atrics, has spo­ken out against the Amer­i­can Acad­emy of Pedi­atrics’ rec­om­men­da­tion that whole bovine milk should be con­sumed by infants at all. Break­ing ranks with his peers in Pedi­atrics, Oski states:

It is my the­sis that milk should not be fed to the infant in the first year of life because of its asso­ci­a­tion with iron defi­ciency anaemia (cow’s milk is so defi­cient in iron that an infant would have to con­sume an impos­si­ble 31 quarts a day to get the iron RDA of 15mg), occult gas­troin­testi­nal bleed­ing, and var­i­ous man­i­fes­ta­tions of food allergy. I fur­ther sug­gest that unmod­i­fied whole bovine milk should not be con­sumed after infancy because of the prob­lems of lac­tose intol­er­ance, its con­tri­bu­tion to the gen­e­sis of ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis, and its pos­si­ble link to other dis­eases.”12

NOT IN MY VEIN

So why do we drink cow’s milk? Why don’t we drink lion’s milk to make us braver, or rat’s milk to make us slyer or cat’s milk so we can scratch up the fur­ni­ture? The ques­tion is not as silly as it sounds. We drink cow’s milk because that is cul­tur­ally what we have always done. Cows are easy to catch and they stand still when you milk them, cats I’m not so sure. You’re not likely to have the same suc­cess either if your pen­chant is for polar bear milk, and you prob­a­bly won’t live to get the Queen’s telegram either.

No, we drink cow’s milk because it is read­ily avail­able and we have been conned into believ­ing we can­not get by with­out it. And then along comes the break­fast cereal indus­try and hooks us on sucrose, gluten and milk, all mixed up together with some raisins sprin­kled on top for good mea­sure, and per­suades us to eat it dur­ing our morn­ing elim­i­na­tion cycle. This then is our break­fast ‘health food’. What is the dif­fer­ence between my get­ting out of the car and suck­ling a cow in the field to your hor­ror, and Sainsbury’s and Wal­mart obtain­ing it for me, pack­ag­ing it and set­ting it on their super­mar­ket shelves? Mar­ket­ing. We’ll drink it if it is pro­vided for us. If it isn’t, we won’t go suckle the cow. Fig­ure out the logic of that one when you’ve got a minute.

Cow’s milk is no way sim­i­lar or an ideal replace­ment for human milk. Milk varies widely accord­ing to species as would be expected. Cow’s milk, for instance, has three to four times more pro­tein than human milk. Rat milk con­tains up to eleven times more pro­tein than human milk.13 Cow’s milk is designed to assist baby cows in their devel­op­ment in very spe­cific ways. It has five to seven times the min­eral con­tent but is defi­cient in essen­tial fatty acids com­pared to human milk. Human milk con­tains up to eleven times the essen­tial fatty acid com­po­nents, most specif­i­cally linoleic acid, essen­tial for neu­ro­log­i­cal devel­op­ment, which is com­pletely absent in cow’s milk when skimmed (cows are not renowned for their men­tal gym­nas­tics).14 Actu­ally, if milk-drinking had any­thing to do with logic at all (it doesn’t, we’re weaned under two years of age), we should all be drink­ing human mother’s milk. We should have fac­to­ries up and down the coun­try full up with women con­nected up to indus­trial milk­ing machines. And if they don’t pro­duce enough, there’s always Mon­santo for a dose or two of their rBGH….

Har­vey Dia­mond points out other prob­lems with the white stuff: “The enzymes required to break down and digest milk are renin and lac­tase. They are all but gone by the age of three in most humans. There is a pro­tein in all milk known as casein. There is three hun­dred times more casein in cow’s milk than in human’s milk. That’s for the devel­op­ment of huge [cow] bones. Casein coag­u­lates in the stom­ach and forms large, tough, dense, difficult-to-digest curds that are adapted to the four-stomach diges­tive appa­ra­tus of a cow.

Once inside the human sys­tem, this thick mass of goo puts a tremen­dous bur­den on the body to get rid of it some­how. In other words, a huge amount of energy must be expended in deal­ing with it. Unfor­tu­nately some of this gooey sub­stance hard­ens and adheres to the lin­ing of the intestines and pre­vents the absorp­tion of nutri­ents into the body. Also the by-products of milk diges­tion leave a great deal of toxic mucus in the body. It’s very acidic and stored in the body until it can be dealt with at a later time. The next time you are going to dust your home, smear some paste all over every­thing and see how easy it is to dust. Dairy prod­ucts do the same inside your body. That trans­lates into more weight instead of weight loss.

Casein, by the way, is the base of one of the strongest glues used in wood­work­ing.” 15

When I was at school, we used to be given bot­tles of milk to drink in the play­ground. Of course in those days cur­rent polit­i­cal cor­rect­ness and the Nanny State were but an embryo in the minds of the com­mu­nist social archi­tects of the 1960s, so milk got thrown every­where, and so did the glass bot­tles that held it. My endur­ing mem­o­ries of those days were the smell of decom­pos­ing milk, the thick mucus and taste of it in my mouth, and most of all the chronic runny noses and ear infec­tions we all had, which weren’t just because of the limb-snapping cold that afflicts Eng­lish kids in Jan­u­ary. I know they were try­ing to kill us before the age of seven, for who else but the ter­mi­nally psy­chotic would ever send trust­ing kids out in Siberia tem­per­a­tures in short trousers to guz­zle whole milk by the frozen (glass) bottle-load while we had sword-fights with the icicles?

One kid’s nose in par­tic­u­lar used to gush like Nia­gara. Every time you saw Farr, he had those glassy pearls com­ing out of his nos­trils. I was fas­ci­nated with this phe­nom­e­non and fully believed my mates when they told me Farr’s brains were com­ing out through his nose. Come to think about it, we all had those Nia­gara noses and thick, flobby gunk in our mouths after play­time. And we all suf­fered colds too as our bod­ies strug­gled to clear out the mess. At aged 21 I gave up drink­ing milk and haven’t had a prob­lem since.

Dr William A Ellis, a retired osteo­pathic physi­cian and sur­geon, has reported on milk and its health-related prob­lems for over forty years. His research shows con­clu­sive links between high dairy con­sump­tion and heart dis­ease, arthri­tis, aller­gies and migraines. In con­clu­sion, he also states there is “…over­whelm­ing evi­dence that milk and milk prod­ucts are a major fac­tor in obe­sity…. Over my forty-two years of prac­tice, I’ve per­formed more than 25,000 blood tests for my patients. These tests show, con­clu­sively in my opin­ion, that adults who use milk prod­ucts do not absorb nutri­ents as well as adults who don’t. Of course, poor absorp­tion in turn means chronic fatigue.” 16

Other stud­ies have linked Type 1 dia­betes to chronic milk con­sump­tion. On 30th July 1992 the New Eng­land Jour­nal of Med­i­cine wrote up a land­mark report. Appar­ently in Fin­land there is “… the world’s high­est rate of dairy prod­uct con­sump­tion and the world’s high­est rate of insulin–depen­dent dia­betes. The dis­ease strikes about 40 chil­dren out of every 1,000 there, con­trasted with six to eight per 1,000 in the United States….

Anti­bod­ies pro­duced against the milk pro­tein dur­ing the first year of life, the researchers spec­u­late, also attack and destroy the pan­creas in a so-called auto-immune reac­tion, pro­duc­ing dia­betes in peo­ple whose genetic make-up leaves them vul­ner­a­ble.”17

These same researchers also stud­ied 142 Finnish chil­dren with newly diag­nosed dia­betes and found that every one had at least eight times the level of anti­bod­ies against milk pro­teins than nor­mal chil­dren. “Clear evi­dence,” one of the researchers stated, “that these chil­dren had a rag­ing auto-immune disorder.”

THE CALCIUM MYTH

Another favourite maxim of Big Milk is that their prod­uct is ‘pure’ because of the pas­teuri­sa­tion and besides, milk gives you cal­cium to assist in the devel­op­ment of healthy bones. This too is com­plete non­sense bor­der­ing on the crim­i­nal. The pas­teuri­sa­tion tech­nique of heat­ing up milk to kill the bugs is widely known to kill off enzymes too, destroy the ger­mi­ci­dal prop­er­ties of bovine milk and reduce the usable vit­a­min con­tent by at least 50%. Calves fed pas­teurised milk die within 60 days so why do we think it’ll do our kids any good, unless…. Actu­ally the ben­e­fits of pas­teuri­sa­tion revert to the farmer and the milk indus­try: pas­teurised milk lasts longer on the super­mar­ket shelves and the more hap­less farm­ers can get away with a lower stan­dard of clean­li­ness around the farm.

The cal­cium ques­tion con­fuses many. Cal­cium exists in the body for struc­ture as well as pro­vid­ing a means to neu­tralise acid build-up. No-one’s deny­ing milk con­tains cal­cium. The con­sump­tion of dairy, how­ever, greatly increases acid­ity, requir­ing the body to use water and cal­cium to adjust the pH bal­ance. The prob­lem with milk cal­cium is that it is coarser than the cal­cium con­tained in human milk because it is bonded with casein, mak­ing it more unavail­able. A fur­ther prob­lem is that most dairy prod­ucts have been pas­teurised, skimmed, homogenised and oth­er­wise adul­ter­ated, fur­ther degrad­ing the cal­cium, ren­der­ing it even more dif­fi­cult to absorb. Ingri Cas­sel remarks:

Our nutri­tional edu­ca­tion in school (funded in part by the diary indus­try) taught us that dairy prod­ucts are one of the four basic food groups we all need for proper nutri­tion. Largely as a result of this con­di­tion­ing, the aver­age Amer­i­can con­sumes 375 pounds of dairy prod­ucts a year. One out of every seven dol­lars spent on gro­ceries in the US goes to buy dairy products.

We have been told all of our lives to drink plenty of milk in order to build strong teeth and bones. Curi­ously, the US as a whole records one of the high­est con­sump­tion of dairy prod­ucts in the world and also boasts the high­est inci­dence of bones frac­tures and osteo­poro­sis.

In the Jan­u­ary 1988 Jour­nal of Clin­i­cal Endocrinol­ogy and Metab­o­lism, sci­en­tists reported that cal­cium excre­tion and bone loss increase in pro­por­tion to the amount of ani­mal pro­tein ingested. Ani­mal pro­teins, due to their high sul­phur [acidic] con­tent, alter the kid­neys’ reab­sorp­tion of cal­cium, so that more cal­cium is excreted on a diet based upon meats, eggs and dairy prod­ucts. Peo­ple on high pro­tein diets excrete between 90-100mg of cal­cium a day.” 18

CONCLUSION

So once again, there’s West­ern­ised human­ity ren­der­ing them­selves acidic on expert advice through the con­sump­tion of ani­mal prod­ucts which, by their very nature, strip sodium, cal­cium and mag­ne­sium to alka­lise the acid onslaught. Don’t be fooled into the old pro­tein defi­ciency myth. You couldn’t get a pro­tein defi­ciency in the west­ern world if your short­ened life depended on it. Did you know it takes five hours for the blood to be cleared of fatty cho­les­terol sludge after a good old ani­mal chow-down, and that goes for milk? A splash of milk in a cuppa is not what I’m talk­ing about. I’m try­ing to stop peo­ple drink­ing gal­lons of the stuff in the belief that it’s giv­ing them some sort of health ben­e­fit. With solid evi­dence now point­ing to unweaned humans becom­ing sicker and more gummed up by the day, can we any longer main­tain with even a shred of cred­i­bil­ity that ‘milk does a body good’?

1 Krad­jian, Robert M Don’t Get Milk, Seton Med­ical Cen­ter, #302, 1800 Sul­li­van Av, Daly City CA 94015 USA

2 Dia­mond, Har­vey, Fit For Life, op. cit. pp.105–106

3 Lancet 2, “Beware of the Cow” (edi­to­r­ial), (1974): 30 4

4 Epstein, Samuel S, Pol­i­tics…., op. cit. Estra­diol, Tren­bolone, Zer­a­nol and Melenges­terol Acetate are all used as hor­monal ana­bol­ics in rear­ing cat­tle. Residues of these drugs are passed into the food chain with the con­sump­tion of milk and beef prod­ucts. Estro­gen is used because it has the abil­ity to pro­mote the stor­age of energy in the body as fat, increas­ing the weight of the animal.

5 Amer­i­can Jour­nal of Epidemiology,“Epidemiologic Rela­tion­ships of the Bovine Pop­u­la­tion and Human Leukemia in Iowa” 112 (1980): 80 2; Sci­ence, “Milk of Dairy Cows Fre­quently Con­tains a Leuke­mogenic Virus” 213 (1981): 1014 3

6 Pedi­atrics, “Is Bovine Milk a Health Haz­ard?” Suppl. 75:182–186; 1985

7 Den­ning, Wendy and Vicki Edg­son, The Diet Doc­tors Inside and Out, op. cit. p.89

8 http://www.mercola.com/2006/oct/3/fox_fires_reporters_for_telling_the_truth_about_milk.htm.

9 Epstein, Samuel S, Pol­i­tics… op. cit. p.585

10 Krad­jian, Robert M, Don’t Get Milk, op. cit. p.7

11 Lancet, “Cow’s Milk as a Cause of Infan­tile Colic With Breast Fed Infants” (1978):437 2; J. Pedi­atr. “Dietary Protein-Induced Col­i­tis in Breast-Fed Infants”, 101 (1982): 906 3; J. Immunol­ogy, “The Ques­tion of Elim­i­na­tion of For­eign Pro­tein in Women’s Milk” Vol. 19 (1930): 15

12 Pedi­atrics, 1983: 72–253

13 Bell, G Text­book of Phys­i­ol­ogy and Bio­chem­istry, Bal­ti­more: Williams & Wilkins, 1959

14 Krad­jian, Robert M, Don’t Get Milk, op. cit.

15 Dia­mond, Har­vey, op. cit. pp.107–108

16 Biser, Samuel The HealthView Newslet­ter, “The Truth About Milk”, 14, Char­lottesville, VA, USA. Spring, 1978: 1–5

17 Also reported in the Los Ange­les Times

18 Cas­sel, Ingri, The Idaho Observer, “Does Milk Really Look Good On You? Don’t Drink It!” http://proliberty.com/observer/20000208.htm

 

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